Tanzania has recently moved to a Low Middle-Income Country status with capacity and opportunity to further economic growth. The industrialization of Tanzania for economic development and job creation is a key strategic objective of the Government of Tanzania under its National Development Plan. To achieve this strategic goal, the creation of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and Export Processing Zones (EPZs) under the surveillance of the Export Process Zone Authority (EPZA) are considered key in attracting foreign investments to drive economic development.
The lack of a functional industrial wastewater management system, however, poses a huge regulatory risk to investors who are seeking to operate within SEZs. To address this issue, NatuReS collaborates with the EPZA, the National Environmental Management Council, Dar es Salaam Water and Sanitation Authority (DAWASA) as well Tanzania Bureau of Standards (TBS) and Wami/Ruvu Basin Water Board. Goal of this partnership is to develop industrial wastewater discharge guidelines and an industrial wastewater management system. This will not only provide regulatory clarity, but also help to safeguard against social and economic risk which result from increasing stress on water related natural resources.
The government through the Ministry of Water has been supporting the 9 Basin Water Boards in their plans on better managing water resources. However, implementation challenges on the ground persist. To create sustainable outcomes it is important to integrate various stakeholders. NatuReS therefore facilitates two Sustainable Water Management Partnerships in Usa River and Weruweru Sub-catchment. Lessons learnt from the partnerships are shared through the Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform. The platform was initiated by 2030 Water Resources Group and connects stakeholders that are active or interested in water stewardship in Pangani Basin.
Location: Kikuletwa Catchment (Arusha Region)
Aim: Improving water security in Usa River Sub-catchment
NatuReS working areas: Catchments
Partners: Tanzania Ministry of Water, Pangani Basin Water Board, Meru District council, Tanzania Horticultural Association (TAHA), Rijk Zwaan Afrisem, Usa River Malihai Club (UMAC), Upper Kikuletwa Water User Association
Location: Kikuletwa Catchment (Kilimanjaro Region)
Aim: Improving water security in the Weruweru Sub-catchment
NatuReS working areas: Catchments
Partners: Tanzania Ministry of Water, Pangani Basin Water Board, Hai District council, Tanzania Horticultural Association (TAHA), Dekker Bruins, African Plantations Kilimanjaro (APK), Umoja wa Watumia Maji Mto Weruweru (UWAMAWE)
Location: Dar es Salaam City
Aim: Enhancing the regulatory environment for investors about water related concerns; improving the overall attractiveness of Special Economic Zones and Export Processing Zones by securing water as a key resource for economic development and transformation
NatuReS working areas: Economic Zones
Partners: Tanzania Export Processing Zones Authority, Wami Ruvu Basin Water Board, Tooku Garments Tanzania Ltd. (JD International Subsidiary), Dar es Salaam Water Supply and Sanitation Authority (DAWASA), National Environmental Management Council (NEMC)
“My expectations are that from this collaboration we will be able to work together maintaining our furrow which is damaged and poorly managed, and that it will increase our certainty on water availability. The partnership also reduces individual actor costs of maintenance as the work is being done collaboratively. Without collaboration it is hard to ensure equity in water allocation, for example through the partnership water users within our furrow will be able to negotiate amount and timing for irrigating their farms.”
Mr. Gabriel Steven – Dekker Bruins Ltd. Manager