Arial view of a riverbank

Uganda – Balancing Economic Growth and Natural Resources

Uganda has seen a continuous high rate of annual economic growth over the last 20 years. While this has led to a reduction in headcount poverty, the creation of around half a million jobs per year and improved access to basic services, further growth plans and the high rate of population growth and urbanisation are prompting severe environmental risks for population and economy. Issues like wetland encroachment, unregulated wastewater discharge and poor solid waste management have had detrimental effects to Ugandas’ natural ecosystems. To reach its economic growth targets for 2040, the country needs to balance economic growth and its environmental assets, especially water. Green growth is needed to enable Uganda to continue developing, while avoiding or reducing negative environmental impacts. Collaboration and proper management of its natural resources are key to enhancing green growth in Uganda.

EUNOMIA Programme: Creating Green and Prosperous Economies across Uganda

Central Business District Kampala

NatuReS Uganda promotes green urban economies.

In order to support Uganda’s path towards a green economy, NatuReS Uganda is implementing the project EUNOMIA – Creating green and prosperous urban economies across Uganda. EUNOMIA aims at strengthening the green economy in Uganda, focusing on the two urban centers Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area & Gulu City and targeting specific urban sectors such as flooding, wastewater, solid waste and urban wetlands. It is co-financed by the European Union and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and is implemented by GIZ from 2020 to 2023. The main objectives of EUNOMIA are:

  • To develop effective partnerships for improved multi-stakeholder stewardship of natural resources
  • To increase capacity of public and civil society actors, as well as the private sector on natural resources stewardship
  • To embed lessons learned and emerging good policy and practice with regard to natural resources stewardship

Partnerships in Uganda

Packages of bottles ready for recycling.

NatuReS supports recycling hubs in Uganda.

Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area PET Plastic Recycling Partnership

Location: Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area

Background: Rapid economic growth and urbanisation of the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area has led to an increase in the area‘s waste generation. The amount of solid waste generated overwhelms the capacity of the urban authorities to collect and dispose of it. About 40 percent of the waste created in Kampala is collected and delivered to designated landfills every month. The remaining uncollected waste is dumped in unauthorised sites, burnt on roadsides or washed into storm water channels that flow into the wetlands and Lake Victoria.

Aim: Improving the sustainable management of PET plastic waste in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area by developing an inclusive green recycling sector


  • Improving the recycling value chain, including upstream collectors, collection hubs, recycling plants and downstream users of plastic waste
  • Improving attitude and behaviour towards waste and plastic in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area
  • Improving the policy framework to facilitate greater recycling by private and public actors

NatuReS working areas: Circular Economies

Partners: Ministry of Water and Environment, National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), Coca-Cola, Mukwano Ltd., Uganda Water & Juice Manufacturers Association, Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)

Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area PET Plastic Recycling Partnership

The Natural Resources Stewardship Programme (NatuReS) is funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the European Union and the UK Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO). This website’s contents are the sole responsibility of GIZ and do not necessarily reflect the views of the BMZ, European Union or FCDO.