Uganda has seen a continuous high rate of annual economic growth over the last 20 years. While this has led to a reduction in headcount poverty, the creation of around half a million jobs per year and improved access to basic services, further growth plans and the high rate of population growth and urbanisation are prompting severe environmental risks for population and economy. Issues like wetland encroachment, unregulated wastewater discharge and poor solid waste management have had detrimental effects to Ugandas’ natural ecosystems. To reach its economic growth targets for 2040, the country needs to balance economic growth and its environmental assets, especially water. Green growth is needed to enable Uganda to continue developing, while avoiding or reducing negative environmental impacts. Collaboration and proper management of its natural resources are key to enhancing green growth in Uganda.
In order to support Uganda’s path towards a green economy, NatuReS Uganda is implementing the project EUNOMIA – Creating green and prosperous urban economies across Uganda. EUNOMIA aims at strengthening the green economy in Uganda, focusing on the two urban centers Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area & Gulu City and targeting specific urban sectors such as flooding, wastewater, solid waste and urban wetlands. It is co-financed by the European Union and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and is implemented by GIZ from 2020 to 2023. The main objectives of EUNOMIA are:
Location: Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area
Background: Rapid economic growth and urbanisation of the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area has led to an increase in the area‘s waste generation. The amount of solid waste generated overwhelms the capacity of the urban authorities to collect and dispose of it. About 40 percent of the waste created in Kampala is collected and delivered to designated landfills every month. The remaining uncollected waste is dumped in unauthorised sites, burnt on roadsides or washed into storm water channels that flow into the wetlands and Lake Victoria.
Aim: Improving the sustainable management of PET plastic waste in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area by developing an inclusive green recycling sector
NatuReS working areas: Circular Economies
Partners: Ministry of Water and Environment, National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), Coca-Cola, Mukwano Ltd., Uganda Water & Juice Manufacturers Association, Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
Location: Gulu City
Background: The city of Gulu, situated in the north of Uganda, is one of Uganda’s fastest growing cities due to rapid urbanisation (about 4.5% per year) and relatively high population growth (2.8% per year). As the city continues to grow, so does the amount of generated solid waste. Gulu’s young waste management system, however, is yet unable to deal with the amounts of solid waste generated, which are causing a major threat to its natural resources. Especially Gulu’s water resources are increasingly polluted by plastic and organic waste.
Gulu lies within Albert Nile and Aswa Catchments of the Upper Nile Water Management Zone. Both catchments are characterized by high vulnerability to dry spells, especially in the months from January to March. Climate conditions of the past years have led to the drying up of the Oyitino valley dam and the associated streams that serve as a main water source for the city. In addition, Gulu is faced with an increasing rate of wetland degradation. Those wetlands are a critical component of the existing watersheds, all connected to the main water supply source for the city – the Oyitino dam.
Aim: To tackle these challenges, NatuReS has facilitated the formation of the Gulu Integrated Catchment Management partnership, working with key stakeholders from the government, private sector and civil society organisations to reduce the amount of solid waste entering the environment and securing the quality and quantity of the city’s main water source.
NatuReS working areas: Catchments and Circular Economy
Partners: Ministry of Water and Environment, Gulu City Council, National Water and Sewerage Corporation, Takataka Plastics and Community Empowerment Education Development (CEED) Uganda